Top 10 Agricultural States in India

India is the second-largest producer of the agricultural products in the world like rice, wheat, several dry fruits, sugarcane, and largest producer of some fresh fruits like banana, mango, papaya, guava and vegetables ( Potato, Pumpkin, Eggplant, squash and gourd).

Out of 29 states in India, there are some of few states that are the top agricultural states in India.

Indian agriculture activities have witnessed a white revolution, a yellow revolution, a green revolution, and a blue revolution.

India’s climate is suitable to produce various grains, herbs, pulses, fruits, and vegetation. We have a list of top 10 farming states in India to help you understand which state is best for what reason in farming.

List of Crop Producing States in India.


Soil Used


Uttar Pradesh Alluvium soil, Sandy soil, Clayey Soil, Red & Black soil Fruits, Vegetables, Spices, Floriculture, Medicinal/aromatic plants, others like Betel vine, Mushroom, Honey production
Bihar Sandy Loam soil, Loam soil, Clay soil, Clay Loam soil Rice, Wheat, Maize, Pulses, Vegetables, Fruits, Sugarcane, Jute
Gujarat The black soil, Alluvial soil, Hill soil, Desert soil Rice, Wheat, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, tur, Gram, Cotton, Groundnuts, Dates, Sugarcane
Madhya Pradesh The black soil, Red & Yellow soil, Alluvial soil, Laterite soil, Mixed soil Wheat, Maize, Jowar, Gram, Tur, Urad, Moong, Soybean, Groundnuts, Mustard, Cotton, Sugarcane
Maharashtra Black-Cotton soil, Kali soil, Morad soil, Pather soil, Rice, Jowar, Bajra, Wheat, Pulses, Cotton, Sugarcane, Several Oil Seeds, Sunflower, Groundnuts & Soybean
Chhattisgarh Red & Yellow soil, Red Sandy soil, Red Loam soil, Black Cotton soil, Laterite soil, Rice, Maize, Wheat, Niger, Groundnut, Pulses
Punjab Flood plain soil, Loamy soil, Sandy soil, Desert soil, Kandi Soil, Sierozems, Sodic and Saline soil Wheat, Rice, Maize, Barley, Pulses, Rapeseed and Mustard, Sunflower, Oil Seeds, Sugarcane, Cotton, Fruits, Vegetables
Haryana Salt Affected soil, Alkali Soil, Saline soil Sugarcane, Barley, Jowar, Bajra, Gram, Rice, Wheat, Mustard, Cotton.
Rajasthan Sandy soil, Saline soil, Alkaline soil, Chalky soil, Clay soil, Loamy soil, Black Lava soil, Nitrogenous soil Wheat, Sugarcane, Bajra, Baley, Jowar, Maize, Chili, Cotton, Mango, Rice, Vegetables, Groundnut, Oilseeds, Pulses
Jharkhand Red soil, Micacious soil, Sandy soil, Black soil, Laterite soil Rice, Ragi, Maize, Wheat, Redgram, Niger, Fruits
Himachal Pradesh Sedimentary soil, Brown soil, Brownish soil Off-season vegetables, vegetable seeds, potato & ginger besides soybean, oilseeds, pulses, fruits
Jammu & Kashmir Brown Forest soil, Grey Brown Podzolic soil, Red & Yellow Podzolic soil, Hills Forest soil, Mountain Meadow soil, Saline Alkali soil, Alluvial soil Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Barley, Bajra, Jowar, Gram, Apple, Walnuts
West Bengal Laterite soil, Red soil, Alluvial soil, Coastal soil, Terai soil, Colluvial soil Rice, Jute, Tea, Potatoes, Oilseeds, Betel, Vine, Tobacco, Wheat, Barley, Maize
Karnataka Red soil, Lateritic soil, Black soil, Alluvial-Colluvial soil, Forest soil, Coastal soil Paddy, Jowar, Ragi, Maize, Sunflower, sugarcane, Cotton, Tobacco

Largest Crop Producing States of India

Here, the list of Largest Food Grain Producing States of India:


Rank of State

Rice (1) West Bengal
(2) U.P.
(3) Andhra Pradesh
Wheat (1) U.P.
(2) Punjab
(3) Haryana
Bajra (1) Rajasthan
(2) Gujarat
(3) Maharashtra
Jowar (1) Maharashtra
(3)Madhya Pradesh
Maize (1) Andhra Pradesh
(2) Karnataka
(3) Rajasthan
Pulses (1) M.P.
(2) U.P.
(3) Andhra Pradesh
Overall total food grains (1) U.P.
(3) Madhya Pradesh

Here, the list of Largest Cash Crops Producing States of India:

Crop Rank of States
Sugarcane (1) U.P.
(3) Karnataka
Cotton (1) Gujarat
(2) Maharashtra
(3) Andhra Pradesh
Coffee (1) Karnataka
(2) Kerala
Tea (1) Assam
(2) West Bengal
(3) Himachal Pradesh
Silk (1) Karnataka
(2) Andhra Pradesh
(3) West Bengal
Rubber (1) Kerala
(2) Tamilnadu
(3) Karnataka
Tobacco (1) Andhra Pradesh
(2) Karnataka

Here, the list of Largest Oil Seeds Producing States of India:

Crop Rank of State
Groundnut (1) Gujarat
(2) Andhra Pradesh
(3) Tamilnadu
Soya bean (1) Madhya Pradesh
(2) Maharashtra
(3) Rajasthan
Mustard (1) Rajasthan
(2) U.P.
(3) Haryana
Sunflower (1) Karnataka
(2) Andhra Pradesh
(3) Maharashtra
Overall total oil seeds (1) Madhya Pradesh
(2) Maharashtra
(3) Rajasthan

Here, the list of Largest Fruit Producing States of India:



Banana Tamil Nadu
Guava Madhya Pradesh
Grapes Maharashtra
Apple Jammu & Kashmir
Areca Nut Karnataka
Orange Punjab
Litchi Bihar
Mango Uttar Pradesh
Mosambi Maharashtra
Papaya Andhra Pradesh
Pineapple Karnataka
Pomegranate Maharashtra
Sapota or Chikoo Andhra Pradesh

Also, Read: Top 10 Largest States in India by Area

List of Top 10 Agricultural States in India

Here is the list of top agricultural states in India.

  • West Bengal
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Punjab
  • Haryana
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Chattisgarh
  • Odisha
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Telangana
  • Karnataka

1. West Bengal

West Bengal is the first largest producer of rice in India, followed by Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Punjab. India is the second-largest producer of rice in the world only next to China.

West Bengal is also the second-largest producer of tea in India. It is also a leading producer of jute as it’s export to other countries, sesamum, tobacco.

It is the largest producer of some fresh vegetables in India, followed by Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

In the West Bengal the highest producer of rice in India, with the total rice production of 146.05 lakh tons and a yield of 2600 kilograms per hectare.

Darjeeling, the special tea of the region is a world-famous tea, that which renders West Bengal globally popular. West Bengal is the most agricultural state in India.

2. Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is the major agricultural state in India. Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer and supplier of wheat, sugarcane, and other food crops.

Uttar Pradesh is top states in India based on farming and also produced such as rice, bajra, barley and other pulses. Uttar Pradesh is the best agricultural state in India.

Uttar Pradesh is the major wheat-producing states in India, followed by Punjab, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh.

Sugarcane is Kharif crops or monsoon crops in India. Uttar Pradesh is the first largest producer of Sugarcane in India, followed by Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamilnadu.

You have one question, Which state is first in agriculture in India? According to the facts and figure, The largest agriculture producing state is Uttar Pradesh.

Approximately Uttar Pradesh use 76% of its land area for agriculture, which is one of the largest in India.

65% of the people in the total population of Uttar Pradesh is connected with agriculture.

3. Punjab

Punjab is third-largest agricultural states in India and third-largest producer of wheat.

Punjab produces wheat, sugarcane, food grains, and cotton. Punjab is known for its excellent irrigation system and plain lands for farming.

4. Haryana

Haryana is the fourth largest agricultural states in India. Haryana is the second-largest producer of sunflower in India.

Major crops produced by Haryana are paddy, sunflower, sugarcane, and wheat.

Another state that has been significantly in agricultural terms to the Green Revolution in Haryana. Haryana contributes 60% of the total national basmati rice export.

5. Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is the fifth-largest agricultural state in India.

Madhya Pradesh is India’s largest pulses producer state like urad, tur and soya bean, followed by Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan.

Madhya Pradesh is also the producer of Soyabean, Wheat, Garlic and Maize and it is the second-largest producer of wheat and maize.

6. Chattisgarh

Chattisgarh is the sixth-largest agricultural state in India and also known as “Rice Bowl of Central India”.

Chattisgarh produces crops like maize, rice, groundnut, oilseeds, etc. Rice is the staple crop of the Chattisgarh, 77% area of the total agriculture of the state occupied for the rice.

Chattisgarh is mainly 80% dependent on rain and 20% of the area under irrigation.

There are three areas in agro climate zone.

  1. 73% Chattisgarh Plains.
  2. 97% Bastar Plateau.
  3. 95% Northern East.

7. Odisha

Odisha is the seventh-largest agricultural states in India. Odisha plays a great role in the agricultural of India.

More than 60% of the people are farmers in Odisha that’s why it is one of the 10 Largest farming States of India.

Climate plays a major role in Odisha. The majority of people are dependent on rains for water to feed the crops. 87.46 lakh hectares of land is used for agriculture activity.

Odisha is producing jute, rubber, sugarcane, tobacco, rice, tea, coffee, etc.

8. Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is the eighth-largest agricultural state of India. 62% of people are employed in this sector of Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is Produce jowar, maize, ragi, pulses, castor cotton, small millets, bajra, and sugarcane.

Rice is a major crop or staple food of Andhra Pradesh, contribute 77% of total food grains.

Andhra Pradesh is the first largest producer of Tobacco in India.

9. Telangana

Telangana is the ninth-largest agricultural states in India and also known as “Seed Bowl of India”.

Telangana is produced like mango, sugarcane, rice, and tobacco.

Telangana contributes 114.84 lakh hectares of land for agricultural activity.

10. Karnataka

Karnataka is the tenth-largest agricultural states in India. It is the largest producer of Coffee in India as Karnataka contributes 70% of the total production of coffee in India.

Coffee requires sloppy mountains, high altitude, and adequate rainfall; these conditions are suitable for the coffee crop.

Almost 80% of coffee in India is exported to the Netherlands, Spain, Russia, and France.

In Karnataka, Kharif crops are moong dal, millets, cotton, rice, maize, sugarcane, soya bean, groundnut, red chillies, and turmeric.

In Karnataka, Rabi crops are peas, wheat, sesame, Barley, and mustard. Soil and climatic conditions are best for Karnataka agricultural produce like rabi crops.

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